In May she supported Soviet troops around Kerch and the Taman Peninsula while helping to transfer the 9th Naval Infantry Brigade from Batumi to Sevastopol. The Kirov-class (Project 26) cruisers were a class of six cruisers built in the late 1930s for the Soviet Navy. Following the October Revolution and the subsequent Russian Civil War, Soviet industry was not capable of designing large, complex warships by itself and sought foreign assistance. These pairs were designated as the Project 26, Project 26bis, and Project 26bis2 in sequence. Its total height was 3.4 m (11 ft 2 in), of which 1.33 m (4 ft 4 in) was below the designed waterline. Required fields are marked *. 2008 | New tool + Actions Stash. They were only slightly longer at 191.4 m (627 ft 11 in) overall and had a deep draft of 6.30 m (20 ft 8 in) at full load. Both ships were damaged by German air and artillery attacks, but were repaired during the war. In the end the engine compartment was horribly cramped. The name Kirov is a Western designation for the Project 1144 Orlan (Sea Eagle). Both flanks were closed by a waterline belt. 12 talking about this. She reprised her role as a transport during the first week of January. These were the first large ships built by the Soviets from the keel up after the Russian Civil War, and they were derived from the Italian cruiser Raimondo Montecuccoli, being designed with assistance from the Italian Ansaldocompany.  The Project 26bis2 ships did not receive a catapult until after the end of the war, when a ZK-2b was fitted.  Kirov provided gunfire support during the defense of Tallinn and served as the flagship of the evacuation fleet from Tallinn to Leningrad at the end of August 1941.  Normally, 100 rounds per gun were carried, although an additional four rounds per gun could be carried at overload by the Project 26 ships only. The Kirov-class battle cruiser is a class of nuclear-powered warship of the Russian Navy, the largest and heaviest surface combatant warships (i.e. However no float plane was available then, but the KOR-1 which only entered service in September 1939. The Maxim Gorkiy repaired in Kronstadt (cc). ", The Kirovs were designed to carry two aircraft, but German catapults had to be imported. Learn how your comment data is processed. This proved a colossal burden, and it will be much reinforced thereafter, up to 7880 tons and even 7970 on the Voroshilov, 1/8 increase. A 20-millimetre (0.79 in) box protected the steering gear and a number of control positions were protected against splinters: 14 mm (0.55 in) for the torpedo control station, 8-millimetre (0.31 in) for main-battery fire control and secondary gun shields, 7 mm (0.28 in) for the secondary-battery control position and the auxiliary command station had 25-millimetre (0.98 in) sides and roof. , The Project 26 ships were fitted with the Molniya fire control system for their main guns which included the TsAS-2 mechanical computer and the KDP3-6 director. Each shaft drove a three-bladed 4.7-metre (15 ft) bronze propeller for a designed speed of 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph), although this varied from ship to ship. A ZK-1a catapult was installed aboard Molotov in 1943, and she conducted successful experiments with a catapult-launched Supermarine Spitfire fighter. The normal oil capacity was between 600 to 650 tonnes (591 to 640 long tons), but the ships varied widely in the amount of oil carried at full load; this ranged from 1,150 to 1,660 tonnes (1,132 to 1,634 long tons). Six license-built Yarrow-Normand type water-tube boilers powered the turbines with a nominal capacity of 106-tonnes/hour of superheated steam at a pressure of 25 kg/cm2 (2,452 kPa; 356 psi) and a temperature of 325 °C (617 °F). Protection-wise, the belt, traverse bulkheads, barbettes and turret (face) had their armor thickened to 70 mm (2.8 in). Commissioned before or during the war, they saw heavy action and were scrapped in the 1960s and 70s. As finalized, Pyotr Velikiy displaced 24,300 tons under standard load and 28,000 tons under full load. Light AA guns initially consisted of six semi-automatic 45 mm 21-K AA guns with 600 rounds per gun and four DK 12.7-millimetre (0.50 in) machine guns, with 12,500 rounds per gun, but were significantly increased in service. Nameplates. ... Admiral Lazarev is the second Kirov-class battlecruiser. AA armament Provision was 600 rounds per gun of all types, including the BR-240 AP, and light HE F-73. This had a more advanced Gorizont-2 computer and Shar vertical gyroscope. Later, the second serie Gorky and Molotov had Soviet-built ZK-1 catapults; but no plane was ever fitted to them, the all four ships stayed without plan provision. Radars made these all obsolete. The machinery for Kirov was directly shipped from Italy (Initially planned for the Eugenio di Savoia). The British Types 281, 291 and the American SG radars were used for air search. Gnevny sank, while Gorky made it to port before being transferred, with assistance, to Tallinn and later to Kronstadt. They could traverse 360° and launch an aircraft weighing 2,750 kg (6,060 lb) at a speed of 125 km/h (78 mph), although no suitable aircraft were in service until the KOR-1 seaplane entered service in September 1939. The conning tower sides were 150 mm (5.9 in) with a 100 mm roof. It should be noted that USSR also had the heavy cruiser Tallin in service by 1943, a former German heavy cruiser of the Hipper class, Lützow. One of the first large warships designed and built in the U.S.S.R. (Project 26). Overall, they presented themselves as a new interpretation of the Kirov and Gorkiy, but with a powerful machinery to carry their 15,000 tons at full load and more generous dimensions (201 x 19,70 meters). Rate of fire was 25-30 rpm (practical) with and effective range of 6,000 m (20,000 ft) (ceiling) and maximum firing range of 9,200 metres (10,100 yd) at 45°. But despite of this, the Navy’s requirements in terms of cruisers did not required more than what was already defined as a “treaty cruiser”. ID: Plastic cruiser gaming piece: Hipper class cruiser from the game Axis & Allies Europe 40-2nd Ed. The Ansaldo company, responsible for the Condotierri class was contacted, and an agreement was signed. The gun complete with its pedestal, weighed 507 kg (1,118 lb). The deck edge was also tapered down to 25 mm. Furthermore Kirov produced only 113,500 shaft horsepower (84,600 kW) on trials while Voroshilov made 122,500 shp (91,300 kW) and was almost a full knot faster. It still served until the 60s. , The first Soviet ship to carry a radar was Molotov which was given a Redut-K air warning system in 1940, which she used for the entire war. Like battleships, modern warships just do not stack up to these titles, except for the Project 1144.2 Kirov Class nuclear cruisers, of which Admiral Nakhimov is one. Russian Kirov-class Battlecruiser Detail-up Set for Trumpeter kit White Ensign Models 1:350 PE 35117 + Actions Stash. Metal or paintable plastic nameplate for: Пётр Великий (Peter the Great) On 2 August her stern was blown off by torpedo bombers acting in concert with Italian MAS torpedo boats. he jumped on a mine in November 1942 and was sent for repairs to Batum, but in early 1945 he was still there. In addition to their standard AA they were given ten additional fully automatic 37 mm (1.5 in) 70-K AA guns. The guns fired 97.55-kilogram (215.1 lb) projectiles at a muzzle velocity of 900–920 m/s (3,000–3,000 ft/s); this provided a maximum range of around 38,000 m (42,000 yd), depending on ammunition and gun type. The Project 26bis ships (Gorkiy class) carried the same turrets with with improved 21-K mounts. But … Her trials were a disappointment as her Italian-built turbines initially had minor defects, and she was 1 knot (1.9 km/h; 1.2 mph) slower than guaranteed. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. 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